California Prune

Prunes, from the United States , California , also known as the California plum. Shaped like a Plum. Prunes are rich in vitamin A and fiber , and potassium, and iron and minerals , but it does not contain fat and cholesterol. Prunes can help seniors supplement iron, zinc, potassium and physical health of bone, children can increase the variety of vitamins. Prune sweet aroma, taste lubrication.
¥38.25 ~ ¥41.44

General Information: Prune

Name: USA  Prune

Branch: Plum branch

Growing Region:

California prunes are grown in primarily in Sutter, Yuba, Butte, Tehama, Glenn, Tulare, Fresno, Merced, Colusa and Yolo.   The Northern Sacramento Valley accounts for almost 85-90% of the State’s total production.

Varieties.

French Prune variety

The French prune variety produces a good yield of high-quality fruit that has is high in solids therefore has an excellent dry-away ratio. (in the general range of 3 – 3.5) which is why it is the predominate prune variety.     Latin name: Prunus Domestica).  


General Information: Prune

Name: USA  Prune

Branch: Plum branch

Growing Region:

California prunes are grown in primarily in Sutter, Yuba, Butte, Tehama, Glenn, Tulare, Fresno, Merced, Colusa and Yolo.   The Northern Sacramento Valley accounts for almost 85-90% of the State’s total production.

Varieties.

French Prune variety

The French prune variety produces a good yield of high-quality fruit that has is high in solids therefore has an excellent dry-away ratio. (in the general range of 3 – 3.5) which is why it is the predominate prune variety.     Latin name: Prunus Domestica).  


All fruits (including prunes) are a natural source of important nutrients such as vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals (specific compounds found in edible plant foods). Research has shown that increased intakes of fruits and vegetables throughout life may help reduce risk of several chronic diseases of old age.

The exact components responsible for the protective effects of fruit and vegetables are not fully understood. It is likely that the unique combination of nutrients they contain such as vitamins, minerals, fibre and phytochemicals all work together to provide protection, rather than any specific individual component.

Although the best tests for identifying the antioxidant levels in different foods and also showing their benefit in terms of human health have yet to be agreed, laboratory testing has shown that prunes contain high amounts of specific phenolic compounds called neochlorogenic and chlorogenic acid as well containing lutein and zeazanthin. These phytochemicals may have a protective effect by, for example, their antioxidant action in the body.

The Government recommends eating at least five portions of fruit and vegetables every day (for example, 3 California prunes can count as one portion). As stated on the Government's 5-A-Day website: "eating fruit and vegetables can help reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke and some cancers. They're also an excellent source of dietary fibre, which helps maintain a healthy gut and prevent constipation and other digestion problems. A diet high in fibre can also reduce your risk of bowel cancer".

References

Ronald L. Prior, Liwei Gu, Xianli Wu, Robert A. Jacob, Gity Sotoudeh, Adel A. Kader, and Richard A. Cook, Plasma Antioxidant Capacity Changes Following a Meal as a Measure of the Ability of a Food to Alter In Vivo Antioxidant Status Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 26, No. 2, 170–181 (2007)

Bente L Halvorsen, Monica H Carlsen, Katherine M Phillips, Siv K Bøhn, Kari Holte, David R Jacobs Jr, and Rune Blomhof Content of redox-active compounds (ie, antioxidants) in foods consumed in the United States1–3f Am J Clin Nutr 2006;84:95–135.

Xianli Wu, Gary R. Beecher, Joanne M. Holden, David B. Haytowitz, Susan E. Gebhardt, And Ronald L. Prior Lipophilic and Hydrophilic Antioxidant Capacities of Common
Foods in the United States J. Agric. Food Chem. 2004, 52, 4026
-4037

Vitamin and mineral benefits

Potassium:

Prunes are a good source of potassium. Potassium contributes to normal muscular and neurological function and contributes to normal blood pressure.

Prunes are high in potassium, providing 732mg per 100g. A 100g serving is 10-12 prunes which would supply 1/5 (20%) of the recommended adult daily potassium needs.

A single serving pack of prune juice (120ml) can provide over 15% (331mg) of your recommended daily potassium needs in one shot!

Vitamin K:

Prunes are a good source of vitamin K, which contributes to maintaining normal bone and normal blood coagulation.

Copper:

Prunes are a source of copper, which contributes to (for example) normal skin and hair pigmentation and normal iron transport in the body.

Salt (Sodium chloride)

Great news- prunes are (naturally) salt- free, The full nutritional content of prunes is given in the table below:

 

Prunes (per 100g)

Prune juice (per 100ml)

Vitamin C/ ascorbic acid (mg)

0.6

4.1

Thiamin/ Vitamin B1 (mg)

0.051

0.016

Riboflavin/ Vitamin B2 (mg)

0.186

0.07

Niacin/ vitamin B3 (mg)

1.882

0.785

Pantothenic acid (mg)

0.422

0.107

Vitamin B6 (mg)

0.205

0.218

Folate (µg)

4

0

Choline (mg)

10.1

2.7

Betaine (mg)

0.4

?

Vitamin B12 (mg)

0

0

Vitamin A (IU)

781

3

Retinol/ Vitamin A (µg)

0

0

Vitamin E (mg)

0.43

0.12

Vitamin K (µg)

59.5

3.4

Calcium (mg)

43

12

Iron (mg)

0.93

1.18

Magnesium (mg)

41

14

Phosphorous (mg)

69

25

Potassium (mg)

732

276

Salt (g)

0.005

0.001

Zinc (mg)

0.44

0.21

Copper (mg)

0.281

0.068

Manganese (mg)

0.299

0.151

Fluoride (mg)

4

60.2

Selenium (mg)

0.3

0.6

Prunes and Digestive Health

Prunes are a high fibre food. Fibre has been recognised for centuries as contributing to a healthy digestive system.

Prunes are naturally high in fibre, providing 7g fibre per 100g, that's around one sixth of an adult's recommended daily needs in just 4 to 5 prunes.

Prunes are a good source of fibre, being high both in soluble and insoluble fibre.

Insoluble fibre binds water which helps to soften stools in the lower intestine, increases bulk and may help promote healthy bowel movements.

Soluble fibre may help reduce blood cholesterol.

Prunes and prune juice also provide a supply of polyols.  Polyols, including sorbitol found in prunes, are naturally occurring sugars which are not associated with dental caries and are fermented by bacteria in the large intestine.

Although prune juice does not contain fibre (unless fruit pulp or puree is added), it still provides sorbitol.

Did you know? Adequate fluid intake is also important for good digestive health - aim for 6-8 glasses (1.5-2l daily)

What's a good portion of prunes?

Californian prunes are delicious, easy to snack on and a standard portion is approximately 4-5 prunes (40 -50g).  This will provide approximately one sixth of an adult recommended daily intake for fibre.

References

Henderson L, Gregory J, Irving K, Swan G (2003) The National Diet & Nutrition Survey: adults aged 19 to 64 years. Energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat and alcohol intake. TSO, London.

World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Washington, DC: AICR, 2007.

Edralin A. Lucas, PhD*Lisa J. Hammond, MS, RD' Veronica Mocanu, PhD, MDtAndrea B. Arquitt, PhD, RD*Amanda Trolinger, MS, RD' Dania A. Khalil, PhD, RD Brenda J. Smith, PhD* Do Y. Soung, MS* Bruce P. Daggy, PhD* Bahram H. Arjmandi, PhD, RD*

Daily Consumption of Dried Plum by Postmenopausal Women Does Not Cause Undesirable Changes in Bowel Function The Journal of Applied Research Vol. 4, NO. 1,2004

 

Prunes - low fat/low GI/low salt

Prunes and prune juice are a naturally free from fat, saturated fat and salt.

Too much fat and saturated fat in your diet may lead to obesity and insulin resistance, and can also increase blood levels of the 'bad' cholesterol which can cause heart disease. Too much salt is linked to increased risk of high blood pressure and strokes. So replacing high fat, high salt snacks with prunes is a great way to keep the fat and salt levels down.

There's another good reason why Californian prunes make excellent snack foods. Prunes have a low Glycaemic Index (GI) of 29. The Glycaemic Index ranks foods according to how quickly they release sugar (glucose) into the bloodstream when they are digested. Foods with a low GI, like prunes, release their sugars more gradually into the blood stream.

As part of a healthy balanced diet, Californian prunes can be a useful between meal snack to help stave off hunger and help you avoid giving in to any of the many alternative high fat/high calorie temptations.

Prunes are a low fat, low salt snack containing just around 20 calories per prune*
(*based on prune weighing 8g)

Another way to measure the overall glycaemic effect of a portion of food is to look at the glycaemic load (GL), which is calculated from the GI and takes account of the carbohydrate content of the food too. The glycaemic load of prunes is also low at 10 per 60g portion (Foster-Powell 2002).

An ideal carbohydrate snack for sports

Prunes have a low Glycaemic Index and contain naturally occurring sugars to provide energy, making them an ideal snack for playing sport.

Prunes provide around 64g per 100g carbohydrate. Prunes contain only naturally-occurring sugars such as sorbitol, with no added sugar - 100g of prunes provide 38g sugar. Two thirds of the sugar in prunes is in the form of glucose with most of the remaining third provided by fructose, and very little sucrose is present.

So, keep a pack of Californian prunes in your sports bag – they're a convenient snack to open anytime, anywhere.

Reference

Foster-Powell K, Holt SHA, Brand-Miller JC (2002) International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2002. Am J Clin Nutr. 76; 5–56.

California Prunes - the easy to share versatile snack!

High quality California prunes are very tasty, making an ideal snack for sharing – sweet, convenient bite sized fruit that's high on fibre and low on fat and salt.

VERSATILE

California prunes also make a tasty addition to cereals, fruit smoothies, yoghurts, rice pudding, casseroles and even stir-fries! 

Don't assume these delicious goodies are for adults only!

Prunes make a surprisingly good snack for children – sweet, juicy, bite sized fruit that are good for sharing. Californian prunes are free from added fat, sugar and salt. In fact this perfect snack is naturally fat and salt- free and contains no added sugar. Why not add a 2-3 portion pack to your children's lunch box – they're low cost and convenient, requiring no special storage. A fantastically easy fibre boost for children!

Have you had your 5 portions today?

Dried fruit, such as prunes can count towards one daily portion of fruit under the Government's '5 a day' initiative, (www.5aday.nhs.uk).

Just 3 California prunes (21-24g) is equivalent to 1 daily portion of fruit. So adding prunes to your breakfast bowl, or taking a handful when you get home in the evening will not only keep hunger at bay but will also be an easy step towards meeting your '5 a day' goal.

Other Benefits of California Prunes

Mood health and emotional wellbeing

It's now accepted that what we eat will have a bearing on our physical health, but there is now increasing evidence linking what we eat with our mental health, including mood and general wellbeing. Ensuring you eat a varied and balanced diet based largely on adequate amounts of complex carbohydrates, essential fats, high quality protein, vitamins, minerals and water is the best way to ensure a balanced mood and feelings of well being. So snacking on California prunes could contribute to improving our mental, emotional and physical wellbeing when included in a healthy balanced diet along with other fruit, raw vegetables, wholegrains, nuts, lean meat and oily fish, (refs).

Dental health

A pilot study investigating the effect of prune consumption on plaque pH carried out by Dr Wu from the University of Illinois-Chicago measured the effect of prune consumption on plaque pH compared to other common snack foods (e.g. other fruits, cookies). Preliminary results suggest that prunes do not cause a reduction in pH below the critical level which increases the risk of caries. So eating prunes and other dried fruit may possibly not increase risk of dental caries as previously thought but further research is needed to confirm this.

 

Mighty California Dried Plums
California is the world’s largest producer of dried plums, supplying 48 percent of the world’s supply and 99 percent of the U.S. supply.

There’s Gold in Them Thar Orchards!
The California Dried Plum took root during the Gold Rush, when brothers Louis and Pierre Pellier brought the Petite d’Agen plum from France and grafted it onto wild American rootstock. Thanks to its high sugar content, the Petite d’Agen ripens fully on the tree without fermenting around the pit.

Monkey Business
When a labor shortage hit California in 1905, a farmer turned to 500 monkeys to harvest the prune plums. Organized into gangs of 50 with a human foreman, the monkeys picked the prune plums well but ate them all up! Today, machines do the work—without eating the fruit.

A Whole Lot of Dried Plums
A prune plum tree produces up to 300 pounds of fruit. Fans of the fruit should appreciate each little one, as it takes three pounds of the fresh fruit to make one pound dried!

Say 'Prunes', Not 'Cheese'
"Say cheese.” It’s an expression that has become so much a part of our culture that everyone understands it to simply mean, “Smile,” rather than a command to actually utter the word “cheese.”
Read more

Can You Hear Me Now?
Modern technology has come a long way, especially in the prune-plums industry. With a wide variety of smartphones and apps available, it's a no-brainer that many growers rely on technology to efficiently manage their crops. Growers use smartphone apps not only to check wind speed and air temperatures, but also when to irrigate .